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2018 Central Government Work Report
Government work report
人民 ---- The 13th National People's Congress on March 5, 2018
At the first meeting of the Congress
State Council Premier Li Keqiang
Now, on behalf of the State Council, I report to the General Assembly on the work of the government over the past five years, make suggestions on this year's work, please consider it, and invite members of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference to make comments.
I. Review of work in the past five years
The five years since the first meeting of the Twelfth National People's Congress are extremely extraordinary five years in the development process of our country. In the face of extremely complicated domestic and foreign situations, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core united the people of all ethnic groups throughout the country to work hard to advance the overall layout of the "five-in-one", coordinated the "four comprehensive" strategic layout, reform and opening up The socialist modernization drive has opened up a whole new situation. The 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China established the historical position of Xi Jinping's thought of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era. significance. All regions and departments have continuously enhanced their political awareness, overall situation awareness, core awareness, and alignment awareness, and thoroughly implemented the new development concept. The "Twelfth Five-Year Plan" was successfully completed, the "13th Five-Year Plan" was successfully implemented, and economic and social development achieved historic achievements Historic changes have taken place.
In the past five years, economic strength has leapt to a new level. The GDP has increased from 54 trillion yuan to 82.7 trillion yuan, with an average annual growth rate of 7.1%, and its proportion in the world economy has increased from 11.4% to about 15%, and its contribution to world economic growth has exceeded 30%. Fiscal revenue increased from 11.7 trillion yuan to 17.3 trillion yuan. The average annual consumer price rose by 1.9%, maintaining a low level. More than 66 million new jobs were created in cities and towns, and large nations with more than 1.3 billion people achieved relatively full employment.
In the past five years, major changes have taken place in the economic structure. The consumption contribution rate increased from 54.9% to 58.8%, and the proportion of the service industry rose from 45.3% to 51.6%, becoming the main driving force for economic growth. The average annual growth rate of high-tech manufacturing is 11.7%. Grain production capacity reached 1.2 trillion kilograms. The urbanization rate increased from 52.6% to 58.5%, and more than 80 million agricultural transferred people became urban residents.
In the past five years, innovation-driven development has yielded fruitful results. The average R & D investment of the whole society increased by 11% annually, and the scale jumped to the second place in the world. The contribution rate of scientific and technological progress increased from 52.2% to 57.5%. Significant innovations such as manned spaceflight, deep-sea exploration, quantum communications, and large aircraft continue to emerge. High-speed rail networks, e-commerce, mobile payments, and the sharing economy are leading the world. "Internet +" is widely integrated into all walks of life. Mass entrepreneurship and innovation are booming, and the average number of new enterprises per day has increased from more than 5,000 to more than 16,000. The rapid rise of new kinetic energy is reshaping the pattern of economic growth, profoundly changing the way of production and lifestyle, and has become a new symbol of China's innovation and development.
In the past five years, major steps have been taken in reform and opening up. The reform has been carried out in an all-round way, with multiple breakthroughs and deep advancements. Breakthroughs have been made in reforms in important areas and key links. The main body of reform in the main areas has basically been established. Reforms such as simplifying administration and decentralization, combining decentralization and management, and optimizing services have promoted profound changes in government functions, and market vitality and social creativity have significantly increased. The “Belt and Road” construction has achieved remarkable results. The structure of foreign trade and utilization of foreign capital has been optimized, and its scale has consistently ranked at the forefront of the world.
For the past five years, people's lives have continued to improve. Decisive progress has been made in poverty alleviation. The number of poor people has decreased by more than 68 million, and 8.3 million people have been relocated to poverty alleviation. The incidence of poverty has dropped from 10.2% to 3.1%. The average annual income of residents increased by 7.4%, exceeding the economic growth rate, forming the world's most middle-income group. The number of outbound tourist trips has increased from 83 million to over 130 million. All-round development of education. Social endowment insurance covers more than 900 million people and basic medical insurance covers 1.35 billion people, creating the world's largest social security network. The average life expectancy reaches 76.7 years. More than 26 million units of shantytown housing were renovated, and more than 17 million units were renovated from rural dilapidated houses. Hundreds of millions of people moved to new homes.
In the past five years, the ecological environment has gradually improved. Formulated and implemented the three "ten articles" for the prevention and control of air, water and soil pollution and achieved solid results. The energy consumption per unit of GDP and water consumption have dropped by more than 20%, the discharge of major pollutants has continued to decline, the number of heavy pollution days in key cities has been reduced by half, the forest area has increased by 163 million mu, and the average annual area of desertified land has been reduced by nearly 2,000 square kilometers. Green development presents a promising situation.
Just in 2017, the main goals and tasks of economic and social development were fully completed and better than expected. The GDP increased by 6.9%, and the income of residents increased by 7.3%. The growth rate has accelerated over the previous year; 13.51 million new jobs were created in cities and towns, and the unemployment rate was the lowest in years; industrial growth rebounded, and corporate profits increased by 21%; Fiscal revenue increased by 7.4%, reversing the slowdown in growth; imports and exports increased by 14.2%, and the actual use of foreign capital was US $ 136.3 billion, a record high. Economic development shows a good situation in which growth and quality, structure, and benefits complement each other. This is the result of a series of major policy effects accumulated over the past five years, with unremitting efforts and long-term success in all aspects.
The all-round and groundbreaking achievements made in the past five years, and the profound and fundamental changes that have taken place have once again attracted worldwide attention, and the people of all nationalities throughout the country are very excited and proud.
In the past five years, we have conscientiously implemented the decision-making and deployment of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core, and have mainly done the following tasks.
(I) Adhere to the general tone of the work of seeking progress while maintaining stability, and strive to innovate and improve macro-controls. The economic operation should be kept within a reasonable range to achieve stability and improvement. In recent years, the world economic recovery has been sluggish, international financial markets have been ups and downs, and protectionism has clearly risen. Structural problems and deep-seated contradictions in China's economic development have been highlighted, and the downward pressure on the economy has continued to increase, encountering many dilemmas and difficult choices. In the face of this situation, we maintain our strategic determination and insist on refraining from the “large flood irrigation” type of strong stimulus. Instead, we adapt to grasp the new normal of leading economic development, coordinating and stabilizing growth, promoting reform, restructuring, benefiting people, and preventing risks. Continuously innovate and improve macro-control, establish the ideas and methods of interval control, and strengthen directional control, camera control, and precise control. It is clearly emphasized that as long as the economy operates in a reasonable range, employment increases, income growth, and environmental improvement, it will focus on promoting reforms, restructuring and adding momentum. We will adopt measures that benefit both the current and the long-term, focus on advancing supply-side structural reforms, moderately expand aggregate demand, and promote a higher-level dynamic balance between supply and demand. After hard work, we withstood the downward pressure on the economy, avoided “hard landings”, maintained high-speed economic growth, promoted structural optimization, and continued to consolidate and develop the economic fundamentals for the long term.
Adhere to the implementation of a proactive fiscal policy and a prudent monetary policy. In the face of the contradiction between fiscal revenue and expenditure, focusing on "releasing water and raising fish" and strengthening its stamina, China took the lead in reducing taxes and fees sharply. A comprehensive step-by-step implementation of the business reform and increase, ending the 66-year history of business tax collection, cumulative tax reductions of more than 2 trillion yuan, plus the introduction of small and micro enterprises tax concessions, clearing various fees and other measures, a total of 30,000 to reduce the burden on market entities More than 100 million yuan. Strengthen the management of local government debt, implement the swap of existing local government debt, and reduce the interest burden by 1.2 trillion yuan. Adjust the structure of fiscal expenditures, revitalize sediment funds, and protect basic livelihoods and key projects. The fiscal deficit rate has been controlled within 3%. 增速呈下降趋势，信贷和社会融资规模适度增长。 Monetary policy remained stable and neutral, the growth rate of broad money M 2 showed a downward trend, and the scale of credit and social financing increased moderately. Differentiated policies such as targeted RRR cuts and special re-loans were adopted to strengthen support for key areas and weak links. The growth rate of loans to small and micro enterprises was higher than the average growth rate of various loans. Reform and improve the formation mechanism of exchange rate marketization, keep the RMB exchange rate basically stable, and reduce foreign exchange reserves to rise. Properly respond to abnormal fluctuations in financial markets such as "money shortages", standardize the order of financial markets, prevent and mitigate risks in key areas, keep the bottom line where systemic risks do not occur, and maintain national economic and financial security.
(2) Adhere to the main line of structural reform on the supply side, focus on cultivating and expanding new kinetic energy, and accelerate the optimization and upgrading of the economic structure. Rely on reforms to solve economic development and structural imbalances, vigorously develop emerging industries, transform and upgrade traditional industries, and improve the quality and efficiency of the supply system.
Solidly promote "three go, one drop, one make up." In the past five years, on the basis of eliminating outdated production capacity such as cement and flat glass, and focusing on iron and steel, coal and other industries to increase production capacity, the central government has allocated 100 billion yuan in special bonus funds to support the resettlement of employees. Withdrawal of steel production capacity of more than 170 million tons, coal production capacity of 800 million tons, resettled more than 1.1 million employees. Due to the city's policy classification guidance, destocking of commercial housing in third- and fourth-tier cities has achieved significant results, and the rise in housing prices in hot cities has been controlled. Actively and prudently deleveraging, controlling the scale of debt, increasing equity financing, the asset-liability ratio of industrial enterprises has continued to decline, and the increase in macro-leverage ratio has narrowed significantly and has generally stabilized. Take multiple measures to reduce costs, reduce government fund projects by 30%, reduce over 60% of enterprise-related fees set up at the central government level, reduce the proportion of "five insurances and one fund" payment in stages, and promote reduction of energy consumption, logistics, telecommunications, etc. cost. Emphasize the key points to increase the strength of the short board.
Accelerate the continuous conversion of new and old development kinetic energy. Carry out the "Internet +" action in depth, implement inclusive and prudent supervision, promote the widespread application of big data, cloud computing, and the Internet of Things. Emerging industries have flourished and traditional industries have been profoundly reshaped. Implement "Made in China 2025", promote major projects such as strong industrial base, intelligent manufacturing, and green manufacturing, and accelerate the development of advanced manufacturing. The introduction of modern service industry reform and development measures, the emergence of new service formats and new models has promoted the integration and upgrading of various industries. Deepening agricultural supply-side structural reforms, a large number of new business entities have emerged, and the proportion of moderate-scale operations in the plantation industry has increased from 30% to more than 40%. Measures were taken to increase the income of low- and middle-income earners, promote the upgrading and upgrading of traditional consumption, and the rapid rise of emerging consumption. Online retail sales have grown at an average annual rate of over 30%, and total retail sales of consumer goods have grown at an average annual rate of 11.3%. Optimize the investment structure, encourage private investment, give full play to the role of government investment, and guide more funds to invest in the areas of strong foundations, strength, and livelihood. The operating mileage of high-speed railways has increased from more than 9,000 kilometers to 25,000 kilometers, accounting for two-thirds of the world. The mileage of expressways has increased from 96,000 kilometers to 136,000 kilometers, 1.27 million kilometers of new rural roads have been newly built, and 46 civil aviation airports have been newly built. Started 122 major water conservancy projects, completed a new round of rural power grid transformation, and built the world's largest mobile broadband network. In the past five years, the development of new kinetic energy has grown rapidly, and the realization of economic growth has shifted from relying mainly on investment and exports to relying on consumption, investment, and export synergy, and mainly relying on the secondary industry to rely on the three industries to jointly drive. This is a major structural change that we have wanted to achieve for years without realizing it.
To advance the supply-side structural reform, we must remove the barriers to the allocation of factor markets and reduce institutional transaction costs. In response to the long-standing problems of over-approval, over-regulation, and weak services, we continued to deepen the reform of “decentralization of services”, accelerate the transformation of government functions, reduce micro-management, and direct intervention, and focus on strengthening macro-regulation, market supervision, and public services. In the past five years, administrative approvals by the State Council have been reduced by 44%, non-administrative approvals have been completed, corporate investment projects approved by the central government have been reduced by 90%, intermediary services for administrative approvals have been reduced by 74%, and professional qualification permits and certifications have been significantly reduced. Central government pricing items have shrunk by 80%, and local government pricing items have shrunk by more than 50%. Comprehensively reform commercial systems such as industrial and commercial registration, registered capital, etc., and reduce the time required to start a business by more than one-third. Innovate and strengthen post-event and post-event supervision, implement "double random, one open", randomly select inspectors and inspection objects, and publicize the results of investigations in a timely manner, which improves the effectiveness and impartiality of supervision. Promote "Internet + government services", implement one-stop services and other measures. The business environment has continued to improve, market vitality has increased significantly, and people's affairs have become more convenient.
(3) Adhering to innovation-led development, focusing on stimulating social creativity, the overall innovation ability and efficiency have been significantly improved. Implement an innovation-driven development strategy, optimize the innovation ecology, and form a multi-agent collaborative and all-rounded innovation situation. Expand scientific research institutions and universities' autonomy in scientific research, improve the management of scientific research projects and funds, and deepen the reform of management of scientific and technological achievements. Promote comprehensive innovation reform experiments, support Beijing and Shanghai to build science and technology innovation centers, and set up 14 national independent innovation demonstration zones to drive the formation of a number of regional innovation highlands. Taking enterprises as the main body to strengthen the construction of technological innovation systems, a number of innovative enterprises and new R & D institutions with international competitiveness have emerged. Carry out mass entrepreneurship and innovation, implement inclusive support policies, and improve the incubation system. The main players in various markets reached more than 98 million households, an increase of more than 70% in five years. The number of domestic effective invention patents tripled, and the value of technology transactions doubled. China's scientific and technological innovation has shifted from follow-up to more fields, running and leading, becoming a hot spot for innovation and entrepreneurship around the world.
(4) Insist on comprehensively deepening reforms, make efforts to eliminate the drawbacks of systems and mechanisms, and increase the momentum of development. The reform of state-owned and state-owned enterprises has progressed steadily, and the reform of the corporate system has basically been completed. Positive progress has been made in mergers and reorganizations, reduction of levels, and improvement in quality and efficiency. The benefits of state-owned enterprises have improved significantly. Last year, profits increased by 23.5%. We will deepen reforms in the energy, railway, and salt industries. Relax market access for non-public ownership economies. Establish a unified registration system for real estate. Improve the property right protection system. Significant progress has been made in fiscal and taxation reforms, the full implementation of the disclosure of fiscal budgets and final accounts, the establishment of a central and local revenue distribution pattern based on shared taxes, and the reform of the division of fiscal powers and expenditure responsibilities between the central and local governments. Special transfer payment projects were reduced by two-thirds. Basically liberalize interest rate control, establish a deposit insurance system, promote the establishment of inclusive financial divisions by large and medium-sized commercial banks , deepen the reform of policy and development financial institutions, and strengthen the coordination mechanism for financial supervision. We will steadily advance comprehensive education reform, improve the mechanism for promoting the balanced development of compulsory education in both urban and rural areas, and reform the examination and admission system. Establish a unified basic old-age and medical insurance system for urban and rural residents, and integrate government, public institution and enterprise endowment insurance systems. A plan to transfer part of state-owned capital to enrich the social security fund was introduced. Implementation of medical, medical insurance, and medical linkage reforms, comprehensive reform of public hospitals, long-term elimination of the drug bonus policy, and breakthroughs in the reform of the drug and medical device approval system. Promote the "three rights" separation reform of rural contracted land, confirming the area of rights over 80%, and reforming the system of purchasing and storing important agricultural products. Improve the main function zone system, establish an ecological civilization performance evaluation and accountability system, promote the river-length system and the lake-length system, and launch a pilot reform of the vertical management system of environmental protection agencies below the provincial level. The deepening of reforms in various fields has promoted the sustainable and healthy development of the economy and society.
(5) Adhere to the basic national policy of opening up, strive to achieve win-win cooperation, and the level of an open economy has been significantly improved. Advocate and promote the joint construction of the “Belt and Road” initiative, initiate the establishment of the Asian Investment Bank, set up the Silk Road Fund, and a number of major interconnection, economic and trade cooperation projects have been implemented. 11 pilot free trade zones have been established in Shanghai and other provinces and cities, and a batch of reform pilot results have been promoted nationwide. The reform of the export tax rebate burden mechanism and the increase of tax rebates are all borne by the central government. 13 comprehensive cross-border e-commerce test zones have been established. The “single window” of international trade covers the whole country. The average time for customs clearance of goods has been reduced by more than half. . Foreign investment has shifted from the approval system to the negative list management, and restrictive measures have been reduced by two-thirds. The structure of foreign investment has been optimized, and the proportion of high-tech industries has doubled. Increase the intelligence level, and foreign experts coming to work in China increased by 40%. Guide the healthy development of foreign investment. Promote international capacity cooperation, and high-speed rail, nuclear power and other equipment go global. Signed and upgraded eight free trade agreements. The Shanghai-Hong Kong Stock Connect, Shenzhen-Hong Kong Stock Connect, and Bond Connect have been launched one after another. The RMB has joined the IMF's special drawing rights currency basket, and the internationalization of the RMB has taken important steps. The expansion of China's opening up has effectively promoted its own development and brought major opportunities to the world.
(6) Adhere to the strategy of coordinated regional development and new urbanization, focus on promoting balanced development, and accelerate the growth of new growth poles. Actively promote the coordinated development of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei and the development of the Yangtze River Economic Belt, formulate and implement related plans, and build a number of key projects. A series of reform and innovation measures were introduced to promote the development of the west, the revitalization of the northeast, the rise of the central region, and the first development of the east. We will increase our support to the old revolutionary areas, ethnic areas, border areas, and poor areas, and strengthen the assistance to Tibet and Xinjiang. Marine protection and development are progressing in an orderly manner. Implement key urban agglomeration plans to promote the coordinated development of large, medium and small cities and small towns. Most cities have relaxed their residency restrictions, the residence permit system has been fully implemented, and basic public services in cities and towns have been covered by the permanent population. The coordination of urban and rural development has been significantly enhanced.
(7) Adhere to the people-centered development ideology, make every effort to protect and improve people's livelihood, and the people's sense of gain will continue to increase. In the case of financial constraints, we will continue to increase investment in people's livelihood. We will comprehensively promote targeted poverty alleviation and targeted poverty alleviation, improve the working mechanism of central coordination, provincial responsibility, and implementation by cities and counties. The central government has invested more than 280 billion yuan in special poverty alleviation funds in five years. With the implementation of a proactive employment policy, the employment of key groups has been better guaranteed. Insist on the priority development of education, and the proportion of fiscal education funds to GDP will continue to exceed 4%. Improve rural compulsory education weak schools to run schools, improve the treatment of rural teachers , nutrition improvement programs benefit more than 36 million rural students. Start the construction of world-class universities and first-class disciplines. The number of students enrolled in key colleges and universities in rural and poor areas has increased from 10,000 to 100,000. We will increase funding for students from families in various schools and benefit 430 million people. The average number of years of education of working-age population has increased to 10.5 years. The per capita financial subsidy standard for residents' basic medical insurance has been increased from 240 yuan to 450 yuan. The critical illness insurance system has been basically established and more than 17 million people have benefited. The cost of hospitalization for out-of-town medical treatment has been directly settled. Hierarchical diagnosis and treatment and the construction of medical unions have been accelerated. Continue to rationally increase the basic pension of retirees. By improving the standards of minimum living allowances and preferential treatment, and improving the social assistance system, the basic lives of nearly 60 million people living in minimum living allowances and the poorest people have been guaranteed. Establish a "two subsidies" system for difficult and severely disabled persons, benefiting more than 21 million people. Implement a comprehensive two-child policy. Strengthen grass-roots public cultural services, accelerate the development of cultural undertakings, and the average annual growth of the cultural industry is over 13%. National fitness has been widely carried out, and sports athletes have made great achievements.
(8) Adhere to the harmonious development of man and nature, focus on controlling environmental pollution, and achieve obvious results in the construction of ecological civilization. Establishing the concept of green mountains and green mountains is the concept of Jinshan and Yinshan, and has strengthened ecological environmental protection with unprecedented determination and strength. ）平均浓度下降30%以上。 Strike hard to combat air pollution, and the average concentration of fine particulate matter (PM 2.5 ) in key areas has dropped by more than 30%. Strengthen the management of loose coal, promote energy conservation and emission reduction in key industries, and 71% of coal-fired generating units achieved ultra-low emissions. Optimizing the energy structure, the proportion of coal consumption dropped by 8.1 percentage points, and the proportion of clean energy consumption increased by 6.3 percentage points. Improve fuel quality and eliminate more than 20 million yellow-label and old vehicles. Strengthen water pollution prevention and control in key river basins and achieve zero growth in the use of fertilizers and pesticides. Promote major ecological protection and restoration projects, expand the return of farmland to forests, grasslands, and wetlands, and strengthen comprehensive management of desertification, rocky desertification, and soil erosion. Carry out central environmental supervision, seriously investigate and deal with illegal cases, and strengthen accountability. Actively promoting the signing and entry into force of the Paris Agreement, China has played an important role in tackling global climate change.
(9) Adhere to the full implementation of government functions in accordance with the law, focus on strengthening and innovating social governance, and maintain social harmony and stability. The Standing Committee of the National People's Congress is requested to formulate and revise 95 laws, 195 administrative regulations, and revise and abolish a large number of departmental regulations. Provincial, city, and county government departments formulate and publish lists of powers and responsibilities. The State Council carried out major inspections and special inspections, giving commendations and policy incentives for positive actions and outstanding results, and serious accountability for inactions. Innovating urban and rural grassroots governance. Improve the petition work system. Expand the scope of legal aid. Promote reform and development in the field of work safety, with the total number of accidents and the number of major and major accidents continuing to decline. Reform and improve food and drug supervision, and strengthen overall risk control. We strengthened disaster prevention, mitigation and relief work such as earthquakes and major floods, and improved emergency response mechanisms with hierarchical responsibilities and mutual coordination to minimize disaster losses. Strengthen national security. The social security prevention and control system was improved, various types of illegal crimes were cracked down in accordance with the law, and public safety was effectively maintained.
We will implement the Party Central Committee to strictly and strictly manage the party ’s deployment, strengthen the building of the party's work style and clean government, and fight against corruption. Deeply carry out the party's mass line education practice activities, "three strict and three real" special education, "two studies, one doing" study and education, conscientiously implement the spirit of the Party Central Committee's eight regulations, persistently correct the "four winds", and strictly implement the "Three Chapters of the Law" of the State Council . The total number of newly built government buildings and financial support staff was strictly controlled, and the "three public" funds were significantly reduced. Strengthen administrative supervision and audit supervision. Resolute investigation and punishment of violations of laws and regulations, severe punishment of corrupt elements, the overwhelming trend of the anti-corruption struggle has formed and consolidated development.
In the past five years, work on nationalities, religions, and overseas Chinese affairs has been innovated. We have supported the accelerated development of ethnic regions, and made great progress in the cause of national unity and progress. Actively guide religion to adapt to socialist society. Overseas Chinese and relatives of returned overseas Chinese have made unique contributions to the modernization of the country.
In the past five years, under the leadership of the Party Central Committee and the Central Military Commission, a new situation has been created in which the army is strong and the army is strong. Formulate military strategic guidelines in the new situation, convene the Gutian Army's political work conference, further promote political building, reform and strengthen the army, promote science and technology, and rule the army according to law. Remodeling and reshaping the image of style. Effectively carry out major tasks such as maritime rights protection, counter-terrorism and stability maintenance, rescue and disaster relief, international peacekeeping, escort in the Gulf of Aden, and humanitarian relief. All parties cooperated to basically complete the task of reducing the number of military personnel by 300,000. The level of modernization of military equipment has been significantly improved, and military-civilian integration has developed in depth. Military, military and civilians are closely united. The people's army has taken on a new look and made solid steps on the road to strengthening the army with Chinese characteristics.
In the past five years, new progress has been made in Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan. The practice of "one country, two systems" has been continuously enriched and developed. The authority of the Constitution and the Basic Law has been further demonstrated in Hong Kong and Macau. The exchanges and cooperation between the Mainland and Hong Kong and Macao have been further promoted. Adhere to the one-China principle and the "1992 Consensus", strengthen cross-strait economic and cultural exchanges and cooperation, and achieve historic meetings between cross-strait leaders. Resolutely oppose and curb the "Taiwan independence" separatist forces, and effectively maintain peace and stability across the Taiwan Strait.
In the past five years, the diplomacy of the major powers with Chinese characteristics has been fully advanced. Successfully hosted major home diplomacy including the first Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation, the Informal Meeting of APEC Leaders, the Hangzhou Summit of the Group of Twenty, and the BRICS Leaders' Xiamen Meeting. President Xi Jinping and other national leaders have visited many countries and attended major events such as the UN series of summits, climate change conferences, the World Economic Forum, and the East Asian Cooperation Leadership Series. Advocate the building of a community with a shared future for mankind and contribute more Chinese wisdom to the transformation of the global governance system. Economic diplomacy and cultural exchanges have been fruitful. Firmly safeguard national sovereignty and maritime rights and interests. As a responsible big country, China has played an important constructive role in solving international and regional hotspot issues, and made new and significant contributions to world peace and development.
Looking back over the past five years, many contradictions have overlapped and various risks and challenges have followed. Many situations at home and abroad have not been encountered since the reform and opening up, and China's achievements in reform and development are hard-won. This is the result of the strong leadership of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at the core, the scientific guidance of socialist ideology with Chinese characteristics in the new era of Xi Jinping, and the united struggle of the people of all ethnic groups throughout the country. On behalf of the State Council, I would like to express my sincere thanks to the people of all ethnic groups throughout the country, to the democratic parties, people's organizations, and people from all walks of life! My sincere thanks to my compatriots in Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, compatriots in Macau Special Administrative Region, compatriots in Taiwan and overseas Chinese! I would like to express my sincere thanks to governments, international organizations, and friends who care and support China's modernization!
Don't forget danger, don't forget worry. We are soberly aware that our country is still in the primary stage of socialism and will continue to be the largest developing country in the world, and some outstanding problems of imbalanced and insufficient development have not yet been resolved. The endogenous driving force for economic growth is not enough, the innovation ability is not strong enough, the development quality and efficiency are not high enough, some enterprises, especially small and medium-sized enterprises, have difficulty in operating, the private investment growth is weak, the downward pressure on the economy in some areas is greater, and risks in financial and other fields Can not be ignored. The task of poverty alleviation is arduous, the foundation of agriculture and rural areas is still weak, and the gap between urban and rural development and income distribution is still large. Serious and serious safety accidents occur from time to time. In terms of air quality, environmental sanitation, food and drug safety, housing, education, medical care, employment, and old-age care, the masses still have a lot of dissatisfaction. The transformation of government functions is not yet in place. There are deficiencies in government work, some reform measures and policies are poorly implemented, some cadres have a weak sense of service and the rule of law, unrealistic work styles, and inadequate commitment spirit. Formalism and bureaucracy exist to varying degrees. The masses and enterprises have more opinions on the difficulty of doing things and the arbitrary charging. Some areas of malpractices and corruption still occur. We must be highly responsible to the country and the people, with courage to courage and perseverance, and do our best to make the people's government live up to the people's trust!
Overall requirements and policy orientation for economic and social development in 2018
This year is the beginning of the full implementation of the spirit of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the 40th anniversary of reform and opening up, and a crucial year for the success of building a well-off society in an all-round way and for implementing the 13th Five-Year Plan. To do well in government work, under the strong leadership of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core, Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory, the important thinking of the "Three Represents," the scientific development concept, and Xi Jinping's new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics. For guidance, comprehensively and thoroughly implement the spirit of the 19th National Congress of the CPC and the 2nd and 3rd Plenary Sessions of the 19th CPC Central Committee, implement the party's basic theory, line, and strategy, adhere to and strengthen the party's overall leadership, and adhere to the general keynote of steady progress , Adhere to the new development concept, closely follow the major contradictions in our society, and in accordance with the requirements of high-quality development, promote the overall layout of the "five-in-one" and coordinate the "four comprehensive" strategic layout, and adhere to the supply-side structural reform as the main line To coordinate and promote the work of stabilizing growth, promoting reform, restructuring, benefiting people's livelihood, and preventing risks, vigorously promote reform and opening up, innovate and improve macro-controls, and promote quality change, efficiency change, and power change. Make solid progress in tackling tough battles in risk, precision poverty alleviation, and pollution prevention and guidance Stabilizing expectations, strengthen and improve people's livelihood, promote economic and social sustainable and healthy development.
By comprehensively analyzing the situation at home and abroad, the opportunities and challenges facing China's development coexist. The world economy is expected to continue to recover, but there are many uncertainties and uncertainties. The policy adjustments of major economies and their spillover effects have brought about variables, increased protectionism, and increased geopolitical risks. China's economy is in the tackling phase of transforming its development model, optimizing its economic structure, and transforming its growth momentum. There are still many slopes to climb and bump through, and we need to deal with predictable and unpredictable risks and challenges. Practice has shown that China's development achievements have always been achieved in overcoming difficulties. At present, China's material and technological foundation is stronger, the industrial system is complete, the market is huge, human resources are rich, entrepreneurial innovation is active, and its comprehensive advantages are obvious. It has the ability and conditions to achieve higher quality, more efficient, fairer and more sustainable development.
The main development goals for this year are: GDP growth of about 6.5%; consumer price growth of about 3%; new employment in cities and towns of more than 11 million people; urban surveyed unemployment rate within 5.5%; urban registered unemployment rate within 4.5%; residents Income growth and economic growth are basically in sync; imports and exports are stable and good, and international balance of payments is basically balanced; energy consumption per unit of GDP has fallen by more than 3%, and emissions of major pollutants have continued to decline; substantial progress has been made in supply-side structural reforms The macro-leverage ratio remained basically stable, and various risks were prevented and controlled in an orderly and effective manner.
The above-mentioned main expected goals have taken into account the need for a decisive victory in building a well-off society in an all-round way, which is in line with the reality that China's economy has shifted from a high-speed growth stage to a high-quality development stage. From the perspective of economic fundamentals and employment absorption capacity, a growth rate of about 6.5% can achieve relatively full employment. The urban survey unemployment rate covers the permanent urban population such as migrant workers. This year, for the first time, this indicator was used as an expected target to more fully reflect the employment situation and better reflect the requirements of shared development.
This year, we will continue to innovate and improve macro-controls, grasp the degree of macro-controls, maintain the continuity and stability of macro-policy, and strengthen coordination and coordination of fiscal, monetary, industrial, and regional policies.
The positive fiscal policy orientation remains unchanged, and we must work together to increase efficiency. This year's deficit rate is planned to be arranged at 2.6%, 0.4 percentage points lower than last year's budget. The fiscal deficit is 2.38 trillion yuan, of which the central fiscal deficit is 1.55 trillion yuan and the local fiscal deficit is 830 billion yuan. The reduction of the deficit rate is mainly due to the fact that China's economy is stable and better, and fiscal revenue has a foundation. It also leaves more policy space for macroeconomic control. The national fiscal expenditure this year is 21 trillion yuan, and the scale of expenditure has further increased. The central government's general transfer payments to local governments increased by 10.9%, which strengthened local financial resources, especially in the central and western regions. Optimize the structure of fiscal expenditures, increase the publicity and inclusiveness of fiscal expenditures, increase support for the three major offensives, and lean more towards innovation-driven, "agriculture, rural areas and farmers", and people's livelihood. The current financial situation has improved. Governments at all levels must continue to live a tight life, stick to simplicity, avoid flashy, strictly control general expenditures, and use more valuable funds to increase the strength for development and to provide charity for the people's livelihood.
A prudent monetary policy should remain neutral and moderately tight. 、信贷和社会融资规模合理增长，维护流动性合理稳定，提高直接融资特别是股权融资比重。 Manage the general gate of money supply, maintain the reasonable growth of broad money M 2 , credit and social financing, maintain reasonable and stable liquidity, and increase the proportion of direct financing, especially equity financing. Dredge the transmission channels of monetary policy, make good use of differentiated reserves, differentiated credit and other policies to guide more funds to small and micro enterprises, “agriculture, rural areas and farmers” and poor areas, and better serve the real economy.
To do a good job in this year's work, we must conscientiously implement Xi Jinping's socialist economic thinking with Chinese characteristics in the new era, adhere to the general keynote of steady progress, and take stability and progress as a whole to grasp the following points. The first is to vigorously promote high-quality development. Development is the foundation and key to solving all problems in China. Efforts should be made to solve the problem of imbalanced and inadequate development. Focusing on the construction of a modern economic system, adhere to quality first, efficiency first, and promote the optimization and upgrading of the economic structure. We must respect the laws of the economy, combine far and near, ensure that the economy operates in a reasonable range, and achieve steady economic growth and improved quality and efficiency. The second is to increase reform and opening up. Reform and opening up is a key move that determines the destiny of contemporary China, and it is also a key move to achieve the "two hundred years" goal. At a new historical starting point, we must emancipate our minds, deepen reforms, and expand our opening up. Give full play to the people's initiative, encourage localities to start from reality, dare to make trials, and dare to meet challenges, and continuously advance reform and opening up. The third is to do a good job in the three major battles to build a well-off society in an all-round way. Work ideas and specific measures must be put forward, schedules, roadmaps, and priorities must be exhausted to ensure that potential risks are effectively controlled, that the task of poverty alleviation is fully completed, and the overall quality of the ecological environment is improved. Everything we do is for the people. We must adhere to the people-centered development ideology, proceed from our basic national conditions, do our best and do our best, and solve the most important and worrying issues of the masses one by one, so as to promote social equity and justice and the all-round development of people, People's lives are getting better year by year as the country develops.
Recommendations for government work in 2018
This year's economic and social development tasks are very arduous. It is imperative to seize the promising period of historical opportunity, make overall plans, give priority to the key points, and do a good job in all aspects.
(1) Further advance structural reforms on the supply side. Insist on the focus of economic development on the real economy, continue to do a good job of "three go, one down and one subsidy", vigorously simplify administration, reduce taxes and fees, continue to optimize the business environment, further stimulate market vitality, and improve the quality of economic development.
Develop and grow new kinetic energy. Expand and strengthen emerging industry clusters, implement big data development actions, strengthen the development and application of new generations of artificial intelligence, and promote "Internet +" in medical, pension, education, culture, sports and other fields. Accelerate the development of modern service industries. Develop smart industry, expand smart life, and build a smart society. We will use new technologies, new formats, and new models to vigorously transform and upgrade traditional industries. Strengthen statistics on emerging industries. Increase network speed and reduce fees, achieve full coverage of high-speed broadband in urban and rural areas, expand the scope of free Internet access in public places, significantly reduce home broadband, corporate broadband and dedicated line usage fees, eliminate traffic "roaming" fees, and reduce mobile network traffic fees by at least 30% during the year To truly benefit the people and enterprises, and help fuel the construction of a digital China and a powerful nation on the Internet.
Speed up the construction of a manufacturing power. Promote the development of integrated circuits, fifth-generation mobile communications, aircraft engines, new energy vehicles, new materials and other industries, implement major short-board equipment special projects, promote intelligent manufacturing, develop industrial Internet platforms, and create a "Made in China 2025" demonstration area. Significantly reduce industrial production licenses and strengthen product quality supervision. Carry out comprehensive quality improvement actions, promote benchmarking with international advanced standards, carry forward the spirit of model workers and craftsmen, build an army of knowledge-based, skill-based and innovative laborers, and have a quality revolution made in China.
Continue to eliminate invalid supply. Adhere to market-oriented legal methods, strictly implement environmental protection, quality, safety and other regulatory standards, resolve excess capacity and eliminate backward capacity. This year, the iron and steel production capacity will be reduced by about 30 million tons, and the coal production capacity will be dropped by about 150 million tons. Increase bankruptcy liquidation and reorganization of "zombie enterprises", and do a good job in employee placement and debt disposal. To reduce ineffective supply, we must achieve new results.
Deepen the reform of "decentralization of service". Fully implement a nationwide unified market access negative list system. The nationwide reform of "separation of licenses and licenses" was launched, with the focus on reducing licenses after the licenses. All types of licenses can be reduced and reduced, and cooperation can be combined to further reduce the time required to start a business. Significantly shorten the trademark registration cycle. The approval time for engineering construction projects has been reduced by half. Promote the pilot reform of enterprise investment project commitment system. The full implementation of "double random, one open" supervision will never allow counterfeiting and inferiority to breed and spread, and law enforcement officers will never be allowed to eat and take cards. Promote "Internet + government services" in depth, so that more matters can be handled online, and those who must go to the site must also strive to "only enter one door" and "run at most once." Strengthen the standardization of government services. Vigorously promote the reform of the comprehensive law enforcement agency mechanism, and strive to solve the problem of multiple and multiple layers of repeated law enforcement. Accelerate the interconnection and interconnection of government information systems and open up information silos. All kinds of certificates for handling the masses and enterprises shall be cancelled without legal basis. Optimizing the business environment means liberating productive forces and increasing competitiveness. It is necessary to break obstacles, eliminate annoyances and build a smooth road, add vitality to market players and increase convenience for the people.
Further reduce corporate tax burden. Reform and improve the value-added tax system, adjust the tax rate level in accordance with the third and second gear directions, focus on reducing tax rates in the manufacturing and transportation industries, and increase the annual sales standards for small-scale taxpayers. Significantly expand the scope of small and micro enterprises that enjoy preferential policies for halving income tax. Significantly increase the pre-tax deduction ceiling for new equipment purchased by enterprises. Implement comprehensive credit policy for enterprises' overseas income. Expand the scope of preferential taxation for logistics enterprises' storage land. Continue to implement preferential policies on land value-added tax, deed tax, etc. due to corporate restructuring. The tax reduction for enterprises and individuals was more than 800 billion yuan throughout the year, which promoted the transformation and upgrading of the real economy and focused on stimulating market vitality and social creativity.
Significantly reduce corporate non-tax burden. Further clean up and standardize administrative fees, and lower the collection standards of some government funds. Continue to gradually reduce the "five insurance and one gold" payment ratio of enterprises. To reduce grid link charges and transmission and distribution prices, the average industrial and commercial electricity prices are reduced by an average of 10%. Deepen the reform of the toll road system and reduce the cost of crossing roads and bridges. Intensify efforts to clear up and rectify intermediary service charges. It is necessary to reduce the non-tax burden of more than 300 billion yuan for market entities throughout the year, unreasonably resolutely cancel it, and excessively resolutely drop it down, allowing enterprises to enter the battlefield and develop together.
2. Speed up the construction of an innovative country. Grasp the new round of technological revolution and industrial transformation in the world, implement the innovation-driven development strategy, and continuously enhance economic innovation and competitiveness.
Strengthen the construction of the national innovation system. Strengthen basic research, applied basic research and original innovation, start a batch of major scientific and technological innovation projects, and build national laboratories with high standards. Encourage enterprises to take the lead in implementing major scientific and technological projects, support scientific research institutes, universities and enterprises to integrate innovation, and accelerate the transformation and application of innovation results. National investment in science and technology should be tilted towards the people's livelihood, strengthen research on the management of smog, advance research on major diseases such as cancer, and make science and technology better for the people.
Implement and improve innovation incentive policies. Reform of science and technology management system, performance evaluation of scientific research projects should accelerate the shift from emphasis to results. Give innovation teams and leading talents greater control over human, property, and technology decision-making. For scientific research personnel undertaking major scientific and technological tasks, flexible compensation systems and incentive measures are adopted. Explore granting scientific researchers the ownership or long-term use of scientific and technological achievements. It is contrary to the old rules and regulations that encourage innovation, and we must promptly revise and abolish them; the red tape that hinders the vitality of innovation must be determined to be cut off.
Promote mass entrepreneurship and innovation. China has the largest human resources in the world, which is the largest "rich mine" for innovation and development. It is necessary to provide all-round innovation and entrepreneurship services, promote the construction of "double innovation" demonstration bases, encourage large enterprises, universities, and scientific research institutes to open up innovative resources, develop a platform economy and a shared economy, and form an online-offline combination, collaboration between industry, university, research, and research. The innovative and entrepreneurial pattern of SME integration creates an upgraded version of "double innovation". Establish a national financing guarantee fund, support the listing and financing of high-quality innovative enterprises, and expand the pilot scope of tax incentives for venture capital and angel investment to the whole country. Deepen the reform of the talent development system, promote the free and orderly flow of human resources, support enterprises to improve the treatment of skilled workers, increase the incentives for high-skilled talents, encourage overseas students to return to China for innovation and entrepreneurship, and broaden the green channel for foreign talents to come to China. Gathering the wisdom and wisdom of the public will surely run out of China's "acceleration" of innovation.
(3) Deepen the reform of basic key areas. Taking the 40th anniversary of reform and opening up as an important opportunity, we will promote new breakthroughs in reform and continuously liberate and develop social productive forces.
Promote the reform of state-owned and state-owned enterprises. Develop a list of investor supervision responsibilities. Deepen the reform of state-owned capital investment and operating companies, and give more autonomy. Continue to promote the optimization and reorganization of state-owned enterprises and the reform of the shareholding system of central SOEs, accelerate the formation of effective corporate governance structures and flexible and efficient market-oriented operating mechanisms, continue to lose weight, improve core competitiveness of the main business, and promote the state-owned capital to become stronger and better. Actively and steadily promote reform of mixed ownership. Implement the system of reporting state-owned assets management to the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress. State-owned enterprises must be at the forefront of high-quality development through reform and innovation.
Support the development of private enterprises. Adhere to the "two unwavering", adhere to equal rights, equal opportunities, equal rules, comprehensively implement policies and measures to support the development of non-public ownership of the economy, seriously solve the prominent problems reflected by private enterprises, and resolutely remove various hidden barriers. Establish a new type of government-business relationship, and improve the mechanism for entrepreneurs to participate in the formulation of policies involving enterprises. Stimulate and protect the spirit of entrepreneurship, strengthen the team of entrepreneurs, strengthen the confidence of entrepreneurs, and allow private enterprises to perform their best in the wave of the market economy.
Improve the property rights system and the market-oriented allocation mechanism of factors. The property rights system is the cornerstone of a socialist market economy. It is necessary to improve the relevant laws and regulations with the basic guidance of protecting property rights, maintaining contracts, unifying markets, equal exchanges, and fair competition. Various infringements shall be dealt with seriously according to law, and cases of property disputes shall be screened and corrected according to law. Strengthen the protection of intellectual property rights and implement a system of punitive damages for infringement. Accelerate the market-oriented reform of the prices of technology, land and other factors, deepen the reform of the prices of resource products and public services, break administrative monopolies, and prevent market monopolies. It is necessary to use strong property rights protection and smooth flow of factors to allow market vitality and social creativity to compete.
Deepen the reform of the fiscal and taxation system. Promote the reform of the division of fiscal authority and expenditure responsibilities between the central and local governments, step up efforts to formulate reform plans for income division, and improve the transfer payment system. Improve the local tax system and steadily advance legislation on real estate taxes. Reform of personal income tax. Comprehensively implement performance management, so that financial funds are spent properly and safely.
Speed up reform of the financial system. Reform and improve the financial service system, support financial institutions to expand inclusive financial services, standardize the development of local small and medium-sized financial institutions, and focus on solving the problems of small and micro enterprises' financing difficulties and expensive financing. Deepen the reform of multi-level capital markets and promote the development of bond and futures markets. Expand the risk protection function of the insurance market. Reform the financial supervision system. We will deepen the market-oriented reform of the interest rate and exchange rate and keep the RMB exchange rate basically stable at a reasonable and balanced level .
Promote reform of the social system. Deepen the reform of the endowment insurance system, and establish a central transfer system for basic endowment insurance funds for enterprise employees. Deepen the comprehensive reform of public hospitals, coordinate the advancement of reforms in medical prices, personnel remuneration, drug circulation, and medical insurance payment, improve the quality of medical and health services, and make great efforts to solve the problem of mass medical treatment. Further promote reforms in education, culture, and sports, and fully release the huge development potential in the social field.
Improve the ecological civilization system. Reform and improve the ecological environment management system, strengthen the control of the use of natural ecological space, promote the compensation system for ecological environment damage, improve the ecological compensation mechanism, and protect the ecological environment with a more effective system.
(D) Resolutely fight three major offensives. Focusing on the completion of the annual tackling task, we should clarify the responsibilities of all parties, strengthen policy guarantees, and do a good job in various tasks.
Obvious progress has been made in preventing and resolving major risks. At present, China's economic and financial risks are generally controllable. Both the symptoms and the root causes must be addressed to effectively eliminate hidden risks. Strictly crack down on illegal fundraising, financial fraud and other illegal and criminal activities. Accelerate market-oriented legalization of debt-to-equity swaps and corporate mergers and reorganizations. Strengthen the internal risk control of financial institutions. Strengthen the overall coordination of financial supervision, improve the supervision of shadow banking, Internet finance, financial holding companies, etc., and further improve financial supervision and enhance the effectiveness of supervision. Prevent and resolve local government debt risks. All kinds of illegal borrowing and guarantees are strictly prohibited. Provincial governments have overall responsibility for the debts of their respective jurisdictions, and local governments at all levels below the provincial level have their own responsibilities and actively and safely dispose of existing debts. Improve and standardize the local government debt financing mechanism. This year, 1.35 trillion yuan of local special bonds will be arranged, an increase of 550 billion yuan over last year. Priority will be given to supporting the stable construction of projects under construction, and the use of special bonds will be expanded reasonably. China's economic fundamentals are good, and there are many policy tools, and it is fully capable of keeping the bottom line of not having systemic risks.
Increase precision in poverty alleviation. This year, the number of rural poor will be reduced by more than 10 million, and 2.8 million people will be relocated from poverty alleviation. Promote poverty alleviation in industries, education, health, ecology, and culture, supplement infrastructure and public service shortcomings, strengthen poverty alleviation collaboration and counterpart support in the eastern and western regions, and focus on combining poverty alleviation with mental support and wisdom to stimulate endogenous motivation for poverty alleviation. We will strengthen our support for deeply impoverished areas, and the central government ’s new poverty alleviation input and related transfer payments will be tilted towards the deeply impoverished areas. For the poor, such as the elderly, the disabled, and the seriously ill, the security measures are implemented on a household-by-household basis. The policy of poverty alleviation during the tackling period, the newly-increased poor people and returning poor people should be included in the assistance in time. Strengthen poverty alleviation funds integration and performance management. Carry out special governance on corruption and work style in the field of poverty alleviation, and improve assessment and supervision methods. Adhere to the current standards for poverty alleviation, ensure progress and quality, so that poverty reduction is recognized by the masses and stands the test of history.
Greater progress has been made in promoting pollution prevention. ）浓度继续下降。 To consolidate the results of the defense campaign against the blue sky, the emissions of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides will decrease by 3% this year, and the concentration of fine particulate matter (PM 2.5 ) in key areas will continue to decline. Promote ultra-low emission transformation of steel and other industries. Raise pollution discharge standards and implement deadlines. Vigorously develop clean energy. Carry out special treatment of diesel trucks and ships for excessive emissions, and continue to eliminate old vehicles. To further promote the prevention and control of water and soil pollution, this year's chemical oxygen demand and ammonia nitrogen emissions will decrease by 2%. We will implement comprehensive management of key river basins and sea areas, and comprehensively rectify black and odorous water bodies. Strengthen the construction of sewage treatment facilities and improve the charging policy. The classification and disposal of solid waste and garbage shall be strengthened, and the entry of "foreign garbage" is strictly prohibited. Strengthen the protection and restoration of ecosystems, fully delineate and strictly adhere to the red line of ecological protection, complete afforestation of more than 100 million acres, increase the area of pilot crop rotation to 30 million acres, strengthen groundwater protection and restoration, expand the scope of wetland protection and restoration, and deepen national parks Pilot system reform. Strictly control the reclamation of land. Strict environmental law enforcement and accountability. We must work together to build a beautiful China with sky blue, earth green and clear water.
(5) Vigorously implement the strategy of rural revitalization. Formulate plans scientifically, improve the system and mechanism for the integration of urban and rural development, and rely on reform and innovation to strengthen new momentum for rural development.
Promote structural reform on the supply side of agriculture. Promote the innovative development of agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery and the seed industry, and speed up the construction of modern agricultural industrial parks and special agricultural product advantage zones. Insist on quality-oriented, stabilize and optimize grain production. Speed up the digestion of grain inventories. Development of agricultural product processing industry. More than 80 million mu of high-standard farmland and 20 million mu of high-efficiency water-saving irrigation area will be newly added. Cultivate new business entities, improve the level of agricultural science and technology, promote the full development of agricultural mechanization, and strengthen socialized services for small farmers. Encourage support for returning rural migrant workers, graduates of technical secondary schools, scientific and technical personnel, retired soldiers, and industrial and commercial enterprises to engage in modern agricultural construction and develop new models of new rural business formats. Further promote "Internet + Agriculture", increase farmers' income through multiple channels, and promote the integration and development of rural primary, secondary, and tertiary industries.
Comprehensively deepen rural reform. Implement the policy of extending 30 years after the second round of land contract expires. Explore the reform of the separation of ownership, qualification, and use rights of homesteads. Improve the management method for the balance of cultivated land occupation and compensation, and establish a cross-provincial adjustment mechanism for newly-added cultivated land indicators and urban-rural construction land increase and decrease linked savings indicators. All proceeds will be used to overcome poverty and support rural rejuvenation. Deepen the reform of grain collection and storage, collective property rights, collective forest rights, forest farms in state-owned forest areas, farm reclamation, and supply and marketing cooperatives to make agriculture and rural areas full of vitality.
Promote the comprehensive development of rural undertakings. Improve public services such as medical care, education and culture in rural areas. Improve infrastructure such as water supply, power supply, and information, and build and rebuild 200,000 kilometers of rural roads. The three-year operation to rectify the rural human settlement environment was steadily carried out, and the "restroom revolution" and garbage collection and treatment were promoted. Promote rural customs and customs. Improve the rural governance system combining autonomy, rule of law, and rule of virtue. Vigorously cultivate talents for rural revitalization. We must adhere to the road of revitalizing socialist villages with Chinese characteristics and accelerate the realization of agricultural and rural modernization.
(6) Steady promotion of regional coordinated development strategy. We will improve regional development policies, promote equalization of basic public services, gradually narrow the development gap between urban and rural areas, and give full play to the comparative advantages and potential of various regions.
Shaping the new pattern of regional development. Strengthen support for reform and development in old revolutionary areas, ethnic areas, border areas, and poverty-stricken areas. Focusing on relieving the non-capital functions of Beijing, we will promote the coordinated development of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, with a high starting point and high standards for the construction of Xiong'an New District. Take ecological priority and green development as the guide to promote the development of the Yangtze River Economic Belt. Issue the outline of the implementation of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area Development Plan and comprehensively promote mutually beneficial cooperation between the Mainland and Hong Kong and Macau. Formulate new guidelines for the development of the western region, implement measures to revitalize old industrial bases such as the Northeast, continue to promote the rise of the central region, and support the first development of the eastern region. Strengthen support for the economic transformation and development of resource-based regions. Strengthen the marine economy and resolutely safeguard the country's marine rights and interests.
Improve the quality of new urbanization. This year, 13 million people will settle in the city and accelerate the civicization of agricultural migration. Improve urban planning, prioritize the development of public transportation, improve convenience services such as vegetable markets and parking lots, and speed up the construction of barrier-free facilities. Promote the transformation of "urban villages" and old communities in an orderly manner, improve supporting facilities, and encourage conditional installation of elevators. Strengthen the construction of drainage networks, underground comprehensive pipeline corridors, and sponge cities. The core of the new type of urbanization lies in people. It is necessary to strengthen refined services and humane management, so that everyone has a fair opportunity for development, and make residents' lives easier and more comfortable.
(7) Actively expand consumption and promote effective investment. In line with the new changes in residents' demand, expand consumption, focus on adjusting the structure and increase investment, and form a virtuous cycle of optimizing the supply structure and moderately expanding aggregate demand.
Enhance the fundamental role of consumption in economic development. Promote consumption upgrades and develop new formats and models of consumption. Extend the preferential tax policy for new energy vehicle vehicles purchase tax for another three years, and completely abolish the relocation policy for second-hand vehicles. Support social forces to increase the supply of medical, pension, education, culture, and sports services. Establish a global tourism demonstration zone and reduce the ticket prices for key state-owned scenic spots. Promote the healthy development of online shopping and express delivery. All types of infringements on consumers' rights and interests shall be punished according to law and never tolerated.
Give play to the key role of investment in optimizing the supply structure. This year, the investment in railways will be 732 billion yuan, and the investment in highway water transportation will be about 1.8 trillion yuan. The scale of investment in water conservancy construction will reach 1 trillion yuan. Major infrastructure construction continued to tilt towards the central and western regions. Implement a new round of major technological transformation and upgrading projects. The investment arrangement in the central budget was 537.6 billion yuan, an increase of 30 billion yuan over last year. Implementing policies and measures to encourage private investment, and launching a number of attractive projects in the fields of railways, civil aviation, oil and gas, telecommunications, etc., must make private capital accessible and developable.
(8) Promote the formation of a new pattern of comprehensive opening up. Further expand the scope and level of opening up, improve the layout and system of open structure, and promote high-quality development with high-level opening.
Promote international cooperation along the Belt and Road. We will continue to discuss and build together and implement the achievements of the Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation. Promote the construction of major international corridors and deepen cooperation in customs clearance along the route. Expand international production capacity cooperation, and drive Chinese manufacturing and Chinese services to go global. Optimize the structure of foreign investment. Increase the opening up of the western, inland and border areas, increase the level of development of border cross-border economic cooperation zones, and expand new spaces for openness and cooperation.
Promote stable growth of foreign investment. Strengthen docking with internationally accepted economic and trade rules and build a world-class business environment. Fully liberalize general manufacturing, and expand the opening up of telecommunications, medical care, education, pensions, new energy vehicles and other fields. Open markets such as bank card settlement in an orderly manner, relax restrictions on the scope of business of foreign insurance brokerage companies, relax or eliminate restrictions on foreign shares in banks, securities, fund management, futures, and financial asset management companies, and unify the market entry standards for Chinese and foreign banks. Implementation of deferred taxation for reinvestment of domestic profits by foreign investors. Simplify the establishment procedures of foreign-funded enterprises, and "single handle" for business filing and industrial and commercial registration. Fully replicate the experience of the Pilot Free Trade Zone, explore the construction of a free trade port, and build a new height of reform and opening up.
Consolidate the momentum of steady growth in foreign trade. Expand the coverage of export credit insurance and reduce the overall customs clearance time by one third. Reform the service trade development mechanism. Cultivate new trade formats and new models. Promote the transfer of processing trade to the central and western gradient. Actively expand imports, manage the first China International Import Expo, and reduce import tariffs on automobiles and some consumer goods. We need to open the market with greater intensity, promote industrial upgrading and balanced development of trade, and provide consumers with more choices.
Promote trade and investment liberalization and facilitation. China unswervingly promotes economic globalization, safeguards free trade, is willing to promote multilateral trade negotiations with relevant parties, concludes regional comprehensive economic partnership agreement negotiations at an early date, and accelerates the construction of the Asia-Pacific Free Trade Area and the East Asian Economic Community. China stands for resolving trade disputes through equal negotiation, opposes protectionism, and resolutely defends its legitimate rights and interests.
(9) Improve protection and improve people's livelihood. On the basis of development, we must do more to benefit the people, solve people's livelihoods, keep the bottom line of people's livelihood, and constantly improve the people's sense of gain, happiness, and security.
Focus on promoting employment and entrepreneurship. Strengthen all-round public employment services, carry out large-scale vocational skills training, and use "Internet +" to develop new employment forms. This year, more than 8.2 million college graduates have reached a record high. We must promote multi-channel employment and support entrepreneurship to drive employment. We will do a good job in resettlement, management and support for veterans. Increase assistance to persons with disabilities and other employment difficulties. Expand employment of migrant workers and comprehensively manage the problem of arrears of wages. It is necessary to improve the labor relations consultation mechanism, eliminate discrimination on the basis of sex and status, and make fairer and fuller employment a prominent highlight of China's development.
Steady increase of residents' income level. Continue to increase basic pensions for retirees and basic pensions for urban and rural residents. Reasonably adjust the social minimum wage. We will improve the salary and subsidy system for government agencies and institutions, and focus on hardship areas and special posts. Raise the threshold for personal income tax, increase the deduction of special expenses for children's education, medical treatment for serious illnesses, reduce the burden reasonably, and encourage the people to increase income and become richer through labor.
Developing fair and quality education. Promote the integrated development of compulsory education in urban and rural areas, and continue to invest in education in difficult areas and weak links. Effectively reduce the drop-out rate of rural students, quickly eliminate the "large class" in cities and towns, and work hard to solve the problem of extracurricular burdens on primary and secondary students. Children are the future of the nation and the hope of the family. It is necessary to increase the supply of preschool education resources through multiple channels, attach importance to the care and training of preschool teachers, and use information technology such as the Internet to strengthen supervision of childcare in childcare. Parents must be assured. Vigorously develop vocational education, and support and regulate social forces to organize vocational education. Promote the universalization of high school education. Guided by the needs of economic and social development, optimize the structure of higher education, accelerate the construction of "double first-class", and support the construction of distinctive and high-level universities in the central and western regions. Continue to implement special enrollment plans in rural and poor areas. Develop ethnic education, special education, continuing education and online education. Strengthen the construction of teachers and morality. It is necessary to accelerate the modernization of education, run a satisfactory education for the people, and give everyone an equal opportunity to change their own destiny and fulfill their dreams in life through education.
Implement a Healthy China Strategy. The level of basic medical insurance and critical illness insurance will be increased. The per capita financial subsidy standard for residents' basic medical insurance will be increased by another 40 yuan, half of which will be used for critical illness insurance. We will expand the scope of cross-provincial direct medical settlements, and include all basic-level hospitals, migrant workers, and migrant workers. Intensify the training of medical staff, strengthen the construction of general practitioners and pediatricians, and promote hierarchical diagnosis and treatment and family doctor signing services. Continue to increase the per capita financial subsidy for basic public health services. Insist on prevention and strengthen prevention and control of major diseases. Improve maternal and child health services. Support the inheritance, innovation and development of Chinese medicine. Encourage integration of Chinese and Western medicine. Innovate food and drug supervision methods, focus on using the Internet, big data, etc. to improve supervision effectiveness, accelerate the realization of traces throughout the process, and information traceability, so that problematic products have nowhere to hide, and illegal manufacturers can't escape the law network, allowing consumers to buy with confidence Be safe. Do a good job in the preparations for the Beijing Winter Olympics and the Paralympic Winter Games, and increase the fitness facilities and facilities for the whole people through multiple channels. The people are physically and mentally healthy and good, and the country is bound to be vibrant and prosperous.
Better solve the problem of housing for the masses. A new three-year tent reform plan was launched, and 5.8 million units were started this year. We will increase the protection of public rental housing, ensure that all families with difficulties in low-income housing have full coverage, and include eligible newly employed houseless workers and migrant workers into the scope of protection. Adhere to the positioning of the house for living, not for speculation, implement the responsibility of local subjects, continue to implement differentiated regulation, establish and improve a long-term mechanism, and promote the stable and healthy development of the real estate market. Support residents' needs for home ownership, cultivate the housing rental market, and develop common property housing. Accelerate the establishment of a multi-subject supply, multi-channel guarantee, and rent-purchase housing system to allow the broad masses of people to live and live at an early date.
Strengthen the protection of people's livelihood. We will steadily raise standards for urban and rural minimum living standards, social assistance, and preferential treatment. Actively cope with the aging of the population, develop home, community and mutual aid pensions, promote the integration of medical care and support, and improve the quality of nursing home services. Care for helping left-behind children in rural areas. Strengthen the protection of urban and rural poor children. Do a good job in giving care to disabled soldiers and military martyrs. Strengthen rehabilitation services for the disabled. Improve the social assistance system and support the development of public welfare and charity. Do your best to do the underpinning work, do not shirk because of difficulties, do not do nothing for small things, and let everyone in trouble get the care and warmth of society.
Create a social governance pattern of co-construction and governance. Improve the grassroots mass autonomy system and strengthen community governance. Give full play to the role of trade unions, Communist Youth League, Women's Federation and other group organizations. Promote the healthy development of social organizations, professional social work, and voluntary services. Strengthen the construction of social credit system. Improve the public legal service system and implement the legal responsibility system. Create a good fashion that respects women, cares for children, respects the elderly, and cares for the disabled. Improve the multi-resolution mechanism for social conflicts and disputes. Innovate letters and visits to work in a timely manner in accordance with the law to resolve the reasonable demands of the masses. Strict implementation of production safety responsibilities, and resolutely curb serious accidents. Do a good job of earthquake, meteorology, geology, etc., and improve disaster prevention and mitigation capabilities. Promote the construction of a safe China, strictly prevent and resolutely combat violent and terrorist activities, carry out special campaigns to combat gangsters and eliminate evils, punish illegal activities such as robbery, scams, and yellow gambling, and address prominent problems such as telecommunications network fraud, infringement of citizens' personal information, and network pyramid schemes. To maintain national security and public safety.
Provide rich spiritual food for the people to live a good life. It is necessary to carry forward the outstanding traditional Chinese culture, inherit the revolutionary culture, develop advanced socialist culture, and cultivate and practice the core values of socialism. Strengthen ideological and moral construction and mass spiritual civilization. Accelerate the construction of philosophy and social science with Chinese characteristics, flourish literary and artistic creation, and develop journalism, publishing, radio, film, television, and archives. Strengthen the protection and utilization of cultural relics and the inheritance of cultural heritage protection. Build a new type of think tank. Strengthen Internet content construction. In-depth implementation of the cultural benefit to people project, fostering new cultural formats, and accelerating the development of the cultural industry. Advocate reading for all and build a learning society. Deepen humanities exchanges between China and foreign countries and enhance the influence of Chinese culture. We must flourish with the prosperity of socialist culture with Chinese characteristics and build up the majestic spiritual power for national rejuvenation.
In the new era, the government must have new achievements and new actions in the new year. It is necessary to firmly establish the "four consciousnesses", firm the "four self-confidences", resolutely maintain the core position of General Secretary Xi Jinping, resolutely maintain the party's central authority and centralized and unified leadership, implement the requirements of comprehensively ruling the party, strengthen the government's own construction, and promote the government Functional transformation, comprehensively improving the level of performance, and providing quality and efficient services to the people.
Comprehensively promote governance according to the constitution and administration according to law. Strictly abide by the Constitution and laws, speed up the construction of a government ruled by law, and fully integrate government activities into the track of rule of law. Adhere to strict and standardized law enforcement in a just and civilized way, with the right to be irresponsible, and the right to use must be monitored. Governments at all levels must accept the supervision of the people's congresses at the same level and their standing committees, consciously accept the democratic supervision of the CPPCC, take the initiative to accept the supervision of society and public opinion, listen carefully to the opinions of deputies to the National People's Congress and CPPCC members, and listen to democratic parties, the Federation of Industry and Commerce, and non-partisan And opinions of various people's groups. The government must keep its promises and must not "new officials ignore old accounts." Comprehensively promote open government affairs. Promote the government legal advisor system. Adhere to science, democracy, and decision-making in accordance with the law. All major matters involving the public interest must be thoroughly listened to from all parties, including critical opinions. All work of the people's government must reflect the wishes of the people. Whether they do well or not depends on the actual results and is ultimately judged by the people.
Comprehensively strengthen the building of the party's work style and clean government. Promote the normalization and institutionalization of "two learning, one doing" study and education, and earnestly carry out the theme education of "not forgetting the original intention and remembering the mission". Resolutely implement the spirit of the Party Central Committee's eight regulations and implementation rules, and relentlessly rectify the "Four Winds", especially refraining from formalism and bureaucracy. Strengthen audit supervision. We must consolidate and overwhelm the anti-corruption struggle, put power in the cage of the system, and resolutely punish all kinds of corruption. Government staff must be clean and self-cultivation, diligent and responsible, consciously accept legal supervision, supervision and supervision, and people's supervision, do things for the people cleanly, and never disappoint the title of people's public servants.
Comprehensively improve government effectiveness. Optimize the setting of government agencies and functions, deepen institutional reforms, form a government governance system with clear responsibilities and administration according to law, and strengthen the credibility and execution of the government. All achievements in China's reform and development have been done. For governments at all levels and their staff, serving as a people officer is a natural duty, and non-compliance is misconduct. It is necessary to improve the incentive, restraint, and fault-tolerance and correction mechanisms, with clear flags to support active officers, and serious accountability for the mediocre and lazy. We must never say that we are more vocal, have less action, and are poorly implemented. The broad masses of cadres should improve their political quality and work abilities, seek truth and be pragmatic, take the lead in writing, make new achievements in solid work, give a good reputation of the masses, and create a vivid situation in which thousands of sails are contested and races are fought.
The Chinese nation is a big family living in harmony and unity. We must adhere to and improve the system of regional ethnic autonomy and fully implement the party's ethnic policy. Continue to strengthen support for the development of ethnic regions and smaller populations. Organize celebration activities for the 60th anniversary of the establishment of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region and Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region. Strengthening exchanges and exchanges among all ethnic groups will strengthen the foundation and bonds of the Chinese nation community.
We must comprehensively implement the party's basic policy on religious work, adhere to the direction of the sinicization of religion in our country, promote the healthy and harmonious religious relations, and give full play to the positive role of religious figures and believers in promoting economic and social development.
We must conscientiously implement the policy on overseas Chinese affairs, safeguard the legitimate rights and interests of overseas Chinese and returned overseas Chinese family members, create better conditions for them to play their unique advantages and important role in the modernization of the country, and inspire Chinese children at home and abroad to work together and create brilliant.
Facing the profound changes in the national security environment, we must take the party's goal of a strong army in the new era as a guide, firmly establish the guiding position of Xi Jinping's strong military thinking in national defense and army building, and unswervingly take the road of strengthening the army with Chinese characteristics. We will comprehensively advance military training and preparations, and resolutely and vigorously safeguard national sovereignty, security, and development interests. Adhere to the fundamental principles and system of the party's absolute leadership over the army, and fully implement the Chairmanship of the Military Commission. We will continue to advance the reform of national defense and the army, and build a strong and stable modern border, sea, and air defense. Improve the national defense mobilization system and strengthen national defense education for all. Protecting the legitimate rights and interests of soldiers and soldiers makes them a profession respected by the whole society. In-depth implementation of the military-civilian integration development strategy and deepening the reform of the national defense technology industry. Governments at all levels must take stronger measures to support the reform of national defense and the army, and carry out in-depth activities to support the army and the government, and to love the people.
We must continue to fully and accurately implement the "one country, two systems" policy and act in strict accordance with the Constitution and the Basic Law. We give full support to the governments of the Hong Kong and Macau Special Administrative Regions and the Chief Executive in their administration of laws, vigorously develop the economy, continuously improve people's livelihood, promote democracy in an orderly manner, and promote social harmony. Support the integration of Hong Kong and Macau into the overall national development, and deepen exchanges and cooperation between the Mainland and Hong Kong and Macao. We firmly believe that Hong Kong and Macao will certainly develop and prosper together with the motherland.
We must continue to implement the major policy of working with Taiwan, adhere to the one-China principle, and promote the peaceful development of cross-strait relations on the basis of the "92 Consensus" and the process of peaceful reunification of the motherland. We will resolutely safeguard our country's sovereignty and territorial integrity, and will never tolerate any "Taiwan independence" separatist plots and acts. Expand cross-strait economic and cultural exchanges and cooperation, and gradually provide Taiwan compatriots with the same treatment as mainland compatriots while studying, starting a business, finding employment, and living in the mainland. The two sides of the strait share the same root and flesh and blood. The compatriots on both sides of the strait, following the general trend of history and sharing the national justice, will certainly create a better future for the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation!
China is closely connected with the development of all countries in the world and shares a common destiny. We will always follow the path of peaceful development and promote the establishment of a new type of international relations. Actively participate in reforms to improve global governance and commit to building an open world economy. Promote coordination and cooperation among major powers, deepen good-neighborly friendship and common development with neighboring countries, and strengthen solidarity and cooperation with developing countries. Host the home diplomacy at the Boao Forum for Asia Forum, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization Summit, and the China-Africa Cooperation Forum Summit. Continue to play the role of a responsible great power to resolve international and regional hotspot issues. Strengthen and improve the security system for overseas interests. China is willing to work with other countries to make unremitting efforts to promote the building of a community with a shared future for mankind!
Unite and unite our strength, and work hard to create the future. We must unite more closely around the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core, hold high the great banner of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and guide with Xi Jinping's thought of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era, forge ahead, work solidly, and promote the sustainable and healthy development of the economy and society. Make new contributions to the victory of building a well-off society in an all-round way, to win the great victory of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era, to build China into a prosperous, strong, democratic, civilized, harmonious and beautiful socialist modern power, and to realize the Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation!
Chapter 2 Zhuzhou Youxian County Recruitment of Institutional Workers in 2018 for the Time and Place of Physical Examination (Second)
According to the "2018 Youxian Public Recruitment of Public Institution Staff Announcement" requirements issued on July 10, 2018, there are unqualified medical examinations and inspection unqualified personnel. Based on the comprehensive results of the same post, three candidates such as Liu Yujian will be supplemented to enter the medical examination link. (See attachments). Candidates participating in the physical examination, please bring your valid ID, admission ticket, and medical examination fee (400 yuan, more refunds and less supplements) to the east gate of Shennong Park, Zhuzhou City (Luoqu District Construction) before 8:30 am on March 11 (Monday) No. 365 (Middle Road) gathered at the gate to take part in the medical examination. Candidates pay attention to rest the day before the physical examination, do not stay up late, do not drink alcohol, and avoid strenuous exercise. Do not eat after 10 pm the day before the physical examination and in the morning of the physical examination. No. Name Gender Recruitment Post Code Position 1 Liu Yujian Male Medical Specialist B07 12 2 Ou Hui Female Medical Specialist [View Full Text]Chapter 3 Hainan Chengmai Experimental Middle School 2018 Recruitment of Teachers for Physical Examination
As four candidates including Ning Zhenwei (junior high school language), Zheng Yating (junior high school English), Wen Lisha (junior high school politics) and Luo Xiaowan (junior high school information) have waived their qualifications for the medical examination, the supplementary staff will be announced as follows: (Junior high school English), He Yigan (junior high school politics), Tang Shaoyun (junior high school information). [View full text]Chapter 4 Songyang County, Zhejiang Province, Institutions and Institutions in 2018
In accordance with the spirit of the "Announcement on the Recruitment of External Staff in Songyang County Government and Institutions in the Second Half of 2018" and the "Announcement on the Supplementary Recruitment of Songyang County Government and Institutions Recruitment of External Staff in the Second Half of 2018", the following 9 proposed personnel are now public . 1. Publicity time: March 8th to March 14th, 2019 2. Contact phone number: Civil Service Management Section of Songyang County Human Resources and Social Security Bureau: 0578-8063903 1 Songyang County Road Transportation Management Bureau assisted law enforcement Pan Zhongrong male 1108010312 qualified 2 Songyang County Literary Secretary Xu Yawen [View full text]Chapter 5 Surabaya 2018 Public Institution Recruitment Exam Real Questions and Answer Analysis [Examination Edition]
1: WiFi relies on invisible radio wave transmission, the equipment power is getting larger and larger, and local electromagnetic radiation will increase; wireless signals pass through the wall, and network information is not secure. These safety hazards are "swept away" in LiFi. The spectrum is 10,000 times larger than the radio spectrum, which means greater bandwidth and higher speed, and the network setup requires almost no new infrastructure. LiFi technology itself has its limitations. If the light is blocked, the network signal will be cut off. At present, a series of key technology products have researchers "hands-on", there is no commercial chipset, to enter thousands of households like WiFi, there is still a long way to go. The following statements are inconsistent with the original:
LiFi technology is dedicated to transmitting signals with the help of lights
WiFi technology has hidden dangers in information security
WiFi has been widely used on a large scale
LiFi does not require any infrastructure to complete network setup
2: A survey by a city ’s sports committee on amateur sports enthusiasts in the city shows that all bridge enthusiasts love Go, and some Go enthusiasts love martial arts; all martial arts enthusiasts do not like aerobics [View Full Text]
1: Summarizing the factors that affect and restrict the development of Jilin's old industrial base, the inappropriate one is ().
Single-choice questions: High proportion of state-owned enterprises, irrational structural layout, insufficient investment in fixed assets, pillar industries such as automobiles, petrochemicals, etc.
2: According to the relevant provisions of China ’s National Defense Mobilization Law, when the country ’s sovereignty, unity, territorial integrity, and security are threatened, the general mobilization or partial mobilization of the country and the issuance of mobilization orders are:
Single-choice National President, Chairman of the National People's Congress of the State Council, Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of the Premier of the State Council, Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, President of the State
3: Among the following behaviors that can constitute causeless management is ().
Single-choice question A puts the property from the robbery in the yard and flees. Neighbor B helps her friend who hides A to visit A but A is not at home. Neighbor B helps to greet the guest when A is not at home. His mother accidentally falls. Person B will be A [View full text]