Analysis of 2019 recruitment questions and answers of institutions under the Guangdong Provincial Justice Department
1. The report of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China stated that the grassroots government should be consolidated, the grassroots democratic system should be improved, and the people's rights should be protected.
A. Right of participation, right of supervision, right of expression, right of execution
B. Right to know, participation, expression, and supervision
C. Right of validity, right of participation, right of expression, right of supervision
D. Right of participation, right of supervision, right of expression, right of execution
[Analysis] The report of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China pointed out that the grassroots government should be consolidated, the grassroots democratic system should be improved, and the people's right to information, participation, expression and supervision should be guaranteed.
2. According to China's laws, which of the following forms a legal relationship? ()
A. Liu owed Wu a 10,000 yuan due to gambling
B. The police in Area A investigated and punished the enterprises with hidden fire hazards, and the relevant personnel were detained or fined.
C, He Mou rushed home and used a credit card to overdraw 4,000 yuan to buy tickets
D. Ren Mou undergoing a kidney transplant in the hospital
[Answer] B, C, D
[Analysis] Legal relations are the rights and obligations between people formed in the process of legal norms adjusting social relations. Liu owed Wu a 10,000 yuan due to gambling, which is an illegal debt and not a legal relationship. Therefore, the A option is wrong. The behavior of the police in Area A is an administrative punishment, forming a legal relationship between the police in Area A and the enterprise. Option B was correct and was elected. He used a credit card overdraft of 4,000 yuan to purchase air tickets, forming a legal relationship with the bank . Option C was correct and he was elected. Ren has undergone a kidney transplant operation in a hospital, forming a legal relationship with the hospital. So the D option was correct and was elected. Therefore, the answer to this question is BCD. . °
3. The computer hardware system consists of five parts, of which () is the command center of the entire computer.
A, arithmetic unit
C. Interface circuit
D. System bus
[Analysis] B. The controller is the control center of the entire computer system, and it directs the various parts of the computer to work in coordination to ensure that the computer operates and processes in an orderly manner according to the predetermined goals and steps. Therefore, the answer to this question is B.
4. The hot rods erected on both sides of the subgrade in the frozen soil zone of the Qinghai-Tibet Railway can keep the frozen soil along the line in a good frozen state. A hot rod is a highly efficient thermal conductivity device with unique unidirectional heat transfer performance. Heat can only be transferred from the ground to the ground. The hot rod is a sealed steel tube filled with liquid ammonia. The following statement is correct ().
A. An increase in soil temperature will cause liquid ammonia to become a gas, which will absorb the heat of the soil during the evaporation process and reduce the temperature of the frozen soil.
B. When ammonia gas is transformed into a liquid, the heat released is transferred to the soil
C, the hot rod can transfer the heat of the underground frozen soil layer to the road surface, and maintain the constant low temperature of the frozen soil-
D. The use of hot rods prevents the repeated freezing and freezing of frozen soil.
[Answer] A, C, D
[Analysis] The structure of A, C, and D hot rods is roughly a closed hollow long rod with some liquid ammonia in it. The liquid ammonia has a low boiling point. In winter, the heat in the soil causes the liquid to evaporate to the top, and the heat is radiated through the heat sink. Conducted to the air, liquefied back to the bottom after cooling, keeping the frozen ground frozen, A is correct. In summer, all liquids become gas, gas convection is very small, and heat is transferred to the bottom very slowly. B error. Through the one-way cooling effect of the hot rod, a large amount of cold is stored in the underground frozen soil layer in winter, and the frozen soil is not melted in summer, forming a "permafrost layer", which improves the strength of the frozen soil, and C is correct. The hot rod can effectively prevent the railway and highway from thawing when the frozen soil is used as the roadbed. D is correct. So choose ACD.
5. What is the geographical location of Britain to help it develop into a world economic power in the 17th to 19th centuries? ()
A. Located in the center of Mediterranean civilization
B, developed subway transportation
C. Abundant oil resources
D. Being able to attack and defend overseas in Western Europe
[Analysis] The United Kingdom is located overseas in Western Europe. It is easy to attack and defend. The narrowest part of the strait is only more than 30 kilometers, allowing Britain to participate in European affairs and retreat. In the opening of the new route, its colonial plunder at sea played an important role in the accumulation of original capital, so it can quickly develop capitalism and become a world economic power in the 17th to 19th centuries. Therefore, the answer to this question is D.
6. The following statements about the social function of morality are wrong ().
A. Recognition function
B. Self-discipline function
C. Communication and adjustment functions
D. Educational function
[Analysis] Reference answer: Explanation of answer B: The exertion of B's moral role requires the full implementation of moral functions. To sum up, morality has five main functions: cognitive function; regulatory function; educational function; evaluation function; balance function. Therefore, the correct answer to this question is B.
7. The river known as the "golden waterway" is ().
A. Yangtze River
B. Yellow River
C. Minjiang River
D. Songhua River
[Analysis] The Yangtze River shipping is developed and has been known as the "golden waterway" since ancient times. Therefore, the correct answer to this question is A.
8. When writing official documents, the main ways to accumulate and possess materials are ().
A. Observation experience
B. Investigation interview
C. Literature Collection
D. Create according to the needs of theme performance
[Answer] A, B, C
[Analysis] When writing official documents, there are three main ways to accumulate and possess materials: one is to observe the experience in person; the other is to investigate and interview; the third is to collect information from existing literature. Therefore, this question is ABC.
9. Normative documents are official documents with legal effect and normative system formed by party and government organs, social organizations, enterprises and institutions in official activities. They are formulated for the management and development of various administrative tasks, with rules and regulations. . The consistency of normative documents is shown in ().
A. A highly unified and consistent relationship with other documents and author rights
B. Thorough and effective file structure
C. The text of the document is clear
D. The language of the document is simple and not complicated
10. The following currencies that perform the functions of circulation means are ().
A. Cash for loan repayment
B. Cash paid
C. Cash spent on shopping
D. Cash paid in advance
[Analysis] Money has five functions: value scale, circulation means, storage means, payment means and world currency. The value scale means that the currency uses itself as a scale to express and measure the value of all other commodities. Circulation means that currency acts as a medium for commodity exchange. Storage means that money can be stored by people as a general representative of wealth. Payment methods usually work in the context of lending and paying off debts, paying wages, and paying taxes. Therefore, the answer to this question is C.
11. The following verses describing the summer landscape are ().
A. The moon is falling and the sky is full of clouds.
B. Several early warbler contend for warming the tree.
C, then the lotus leaves are infinitely green, the sun is different from the red lotus
D. It ’s late to park in Ai Lin, Frost Leaf Red is in February.
[Analysis] Option AD describes the scenery of autumn, option B describes the scenery of spring, and option C describes the scenery of summer. Therefore, the answer to this question is C.
12. The population density in China's coastal areas is the highest, the population density in the central and eastern regions is the second, and the density in the western regions is low. ()
True or False
[Analysis] The current situation of population distribution in China is: the population density in the coastal areas is the largest, the population density in the middle and east is the second, and the density in the west is small.
13. Requests are a commonly used official document. All matters that involve major issues in the work or require review and approval by higher authorities, such as (), should be written as "request".
A. Political and military technology
B. Make suggestions on the status of reporting
C. Tax Bank of Communications
D. Financial Expenditure Asset Purchase Staffing
[Analysis] The instructions are applicable to requesting instructions and approval from higher authorities. Matters that need to be reviewed and approved by higher authorities, such as financial expenditures, asset purchases, staffing, institutional settings, going abroad, etc., should be in the form of "requests" and can only be implemented after approval by higher authorities. So choose D.
14. The following statements about public institutions are correct ().
A.Employment relationship can be established without contract
B. The probation period is not included in the term of the employment contract
C. The employment contract must be concluded in writing by the legal representative of the hiring unit and the hired person
D. After the legal representative of the employing unit is changed, the original employment contract remains unchanged
[Analysis] Establishing an employment relationship requires the signing of an employment contract, so item A is wrong; the probation period is included in the term of the employment contract, so item B is wrong; the employment contract may be in writing by the legal representative of the employing unit or its authorized agent and the employee The conclusion was made, so item C is wrong; after the legal representative of the hiring unit is changed, the original employment contract remains unchanged, and the new legal representative continues to perform, so item D is correct.
15. Regarding the relationship between the management range, management level and organizational size, the correct expression is ().
A. The management range is established, and the management level is inversely proportional to the size of the organization
B. The management range is established, and the management level is proportional to the size of the organization
C. The organization scale is established, and the management level is proportional to the management range
D. The management level is established, and the management scale is inversely proportional to the size of the organization
[Analysis] Reference answer: B Answer explanation: B. The relationship between management range, management level, and organizational size: (1) the management range is established, and the management level is proportional to the organization size; (2) the organization size is established, and the management level is inversely proportional to the management range; (3) the management level is established, The extent of management is directly proportional to the size of the organization. Therefore, the answer to this question is B.
16. In the following table, there are () which reflect the law of mutual quality change.
A. Nine-story platform, starting from tired soil
B. Heaven and earth humble, mountain and Zeping
C. The report of good and evil
D. Embankment of a thousand miles
[Answer] A, D
[Analysis] The terms A and D that can reflect the law of quality change are both quantitative changes and cause qualitative changes, such as tired soil and ant nests. Item B is a paradoxical debate that denies the unity of opposites; item C is a fatalism of karma.
17. Which of the following specific administrative actions is not within the scope of administrative review? ()
A. A's decision not to accept the appointment and removal of the administrative organ
B, B thinks that the amount of pension granted by the Civil Affairs Bureau is not enough
C. Someone thinks that the administrative organ has not protected his property according to law
D. Someone thinks that the fine of the Public Security Bureau is illegal.
[Analysis] Article 8 of the "Administrative Review Law" provides that appeals against administrative sanctions or other personnel decisions made by administrative organs shall be made in accordance with the relevant laws and administrative regulations. It can be seen that those who are not satisfied with the appointment and removal decision of the administrative organ may file an appeal instead of initiating reconsideration. Therefore, the answer to this question is A.
18. The opposition between dialectics and metaphysics in the view of truth is shown in ().
A. The former believes that truth is developed, the latter believes that truth is not developed
B. The former believes that truth contains errors, while the latter believes that truth is absolutely correct
C. The former believes that truth comes from the objective world, and the latter believes that truth comes from the transcendental principle.
D. The former believes that truth is objective, the latter believes that truth is purely subjective
[Analysis] Dialectics looks at the world from a connected, development perspective, and believes that the root cause of development lies in the internal contradictions of things. Metaphysics looks at problems from an isolated, static point of view, and denies the existence and function of contradictions within things. In terms of truth, dialectics holds that truth is constantly evolving, and metaphysics holds that truth is immutable. Therefore, choose A for this question.
19. Establishing and improving a modern enterprise system is the general direction for deepening the reform of state-owned enterprises in China. The basic characteristics of the modern enterprise system are ().
A. Market orientation, independent operation, fair competition, survival of the fittest
B. Separation of government and enterprises, macro-control, micro-deregulation, and independent operation
C. Clear property rights, clear rights and responsibilities, separation of government and enterprise, and scientific management
D. Independent management, self-restraint, self-financing, fair competition
[Analysis] The Third Plenary Session of the Fourteenth Central Committee of the CPC summarized the basic characteristics of the modern enterprise system into 16 words: "clear property rights, clear rights and responsibilities, separate government and enterprise, and scientific management."